Written by Ryan McGuine // Cooling enables many things that are taken for granted in modern life, including keeping indoor spaces comfortable, and preserving food and medicine. Refrigeration works by boiling a refrigerant to remove heat from a space and condensing it to dump the heat outside, a cycle which needs a high rate of … Continue reading What’s Cooler Than Being Cool?
Written by Ryan McGuine // In August, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), released a new special report. While the report is long and jargon-rich, it is at its core a charge to alter the way people interact with land. Titled Climate Change and Land: an IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land … Continue reading Corn, Cows & Carbon Dioxide
Written by Ryan McGuine // Today's shift toward toward an energy system that emits less greenhouse gases than the current one is necessary to prevent catastrophic climate change. However, due to the dynamics of energy transitions, achieving this transition on a meaningful timescale is remarkably difficult. Acknowledging the importance of this transition, the UN chose … Continue reading Regulating Greenhouse Gases
Written by Anna Wangen // Who writes the story of what "development" is? In a sphere that includes everything from high-level international governing bodies to the smallest local NGOs, as well as academics, humanitarian organizations, aid workers and more, the sheer diversity of actors and institutions renders conflicting ideologies, goals, and interests in "doing development" … Continue reading Power, Representation & Development
Written by Ryan McGuine // Today the world produces historically spectacular amounts of food. Despite this, around 12% of the world remains undernourished, and assuming current trends hold, the world's population is projected to reach 9.8bn people around 2050 and 11.2bn by 2100, making the challenge of keeping everyone well-fed even more difficult. Technological progress … Continue reading Feeding the World: Population vs Technology
Written by Ryan McGuine // The conventional path for economic development has been to use industrialization — the process of increasing industry's relative contribution to total GDP and employment, at the expense of those of agriculture and services — as a means to enable rapid convergence. "Convergence" refers to a catch-up effect whereby countries that … Continue reading Premature Deindustrialization: Economic Growth Then & Now
Written by Ryan McGuine // In the year 2000, the United Nations (UN) adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration, a document that established the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) — eight goals related to economic development with a target completion date of 2015. Those targets were: To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger To achieve universal primary education To promote gender equality and … Continue reading The Sustainable Development Goals